Thursday, 14 June 2007

Salahuddin Ayyubi RA - A Brief Biography

Salahuddin Ayyubi RA (Saladin), a name that inspired both fear and respect in the crusaders eyes and in Europe's eyes even today. He was a devout Muslim to whom Islam meant everything, he would never miss his daily five times prayers even when he was ill, and had a dislike for people who tried to instill free-thinking, unnecessary debate and controversy into the doctrines of Islam. He truly loved the Qur'an and wept upon hearing it read. In spite of being a ruler, he journeyed in search of knowledge, travelling to a scholar to learn the Muwatta of Imam Malik RA.

During his youth he was a quiet methodical thinker given more to religious study than military ambition. As a child he was taught the recitation of the Holy Qur'an, the Arabic language and the Shari'ah. This basis proved to be effective in his middle age.

He also did many things to encourage people in their worship such as building Madrasahs. He also abolished those tolls that pilgrims had to pay on their way to Makkah.

Salahuddin Ayyubi RA had many interests, ranging from geography and history, to commerce and politics, and was opened to suggestions on most subjects, for when they concerned Islam.
His generosity was boundless. Once he paid a debt of 200,000 Dinars off for his brother, though he himself stayed steadfast. The vast empire that was to come under his command meant that he had extensive riches in his hand, yet his accountants had to keep some of his financial details a secret from their master, afraid that he would give it all away and there would be nothing left for real emergencies.

Salahuddin RA was kind and gentle, one to treat everybody feuitly. Though above all this was his duty to Allah and the Jihad. Bahauddin RA - his faithful secretary stated:

"I never knew him to show any anxiety about the numbers and strength of the enemy. He would listen to plans of all kinds and discuss their consequences without any excitement or loss of composure."

This was the same Salahuddin Ayyubi RA - a person who is known as a chivalrous and legendary figure in European history also, a figure who respected his friends as well as his foes.

When Richard's horse was killed in battle, Salahuddin sent him a fresh one saying:

"It is not proper that a warrior should have to fight on foot."

In times of war he was extremely generous to enemy civilians, allowing them to go free with their lives and goods, an act of humanity that was rarely shown to the Muslims by their enemies.

On the 4th of March, 1193, this noble servant of Allah left the world. At his death, though he was the most powerful and greatest in the Muslim empire of the era, he had only one gold piece and 47 silver pieces to his name. He owned no property and had paid off all his debts. While his family mourned him, those close to the courageous man found that, at the time of his death, he did not posses enough money to pay for his own Janazah (burial).

This was Salahuddin Ayyubi RA. An example for leaders to come, and a true servant of Allah. May Allah’s Mercy be upon him. Ameen.

1 comment:

Maggie said...

People should read this.